Project Fact Sheet (315Kb, Nov 2018)

A holistic national approach is required to handle the growing issue of construction and demolition (C&D) waste management in Australia. Through this project, the discrepancies and inconsistencies related to C&D waste management regulations in each jurisdiction will be identified and recommendations for harmonising reforms made. The project will also develop a case for creating a marketplace to trade waste across sectors and jurisdictions. The project will deliver an innovative integrated supply chain model based on a cradle-to-cradle (lifecycle) approach that will streamline C&D waste management processes, while effectively reducing/reusing/recycling C&D waste. A key deliverable will be recommendations to aid national harmonisation of the economic factors and drivers/barriers that govern C&D waste management in a market-driven economy.


This project will promote a national understanding and recommendations for harmonisation of economic drivers across jurisdictions governing the disposal and reuse/recycling of construction and demolition (C&D) waste.

The specific objectives are to:

  1. Review regulations and their application in practice in different jurisdictions governing C&D waste management, identifying discrepancies and making recommendations for reforms.
  2. Develop a consistent approach to define and measure C&D waste across different jurisdictions.
  3. Identify economic factors that govern the disposal and reduce/reuse/recycling of C&D waste.
  4. Conduct a feasibility study on creating a marketplace to connect organisations and industries across jurisdictions for trading waste.
  5. Identify opportunities to integrate supply chains and develop an integrated supply chain lifecycle model espousing a cradle-to-cradle approach.

Industry Outcomes

The project deliverables will:

  1. Provide recommendations for the national harmonisation of C&D waste management regulations to improve industry practice.
  2. Support a consistent and clear understanding of what is defined by the terms ‘waste’ and ‘resource’ which will help industry to conduct business across jurisdictions more efficiently.
  3. Inform a market-driven approach to C&D waste management, by identifying governing economic factors and drivers/barriers for organisations to reduce or reuse/recycle C&D waste.
  4. Develop case studies to highlight the benefits of an integrated supply chain approach.
  5. Provide a feasibility analysis on the creation of a marketplace to trade C&D waste.


Documents for Downloading

The following documents provide additional detail regarding this current research, including project outcomes to date:

Fact Sheet

A National Economic Approach to Improved Management of Construction and Demolition Waste (315Kb, Nov 2018)

Research Reports

Discrepancies in regulations governing C&D waste and recommendations for reforms (2Mb, Jul 2019)
Developing a consistent approach to define and measure C&D waste across different Australian jurisdictions (1Mb, Jul 2019)


Construction and Demolition Waste Management in Australia: Review of Differences in Jurisdictional Regulatory Frameworks, CIB World Building Congress, Hong Kong, 17-21 June 2019 (380Kb, Jun 2019)


Article: We create 20m tons of construction industry waste each year. Here’s how to stop it going to landfill, The Conversation, 12 July 2019
Article: Closing the Loop on C&D Waste, Inside Waste, August 2018 Issue

Journal Articles

Review of energy recovery from construction and demolition waste in Australia, Journal of Construction Engineering, Management & Innovation, 2019 Volume 2 Issue 3, Pages 112-130 (390Kb, Jun 2019)